ZNAČAJ KLASIČNE RADIOGRAFIJE PLUĆA U OTKRIVANJU TUBERKULOZE PLUĆA
Keywords:: classical radiography, lung tuberculosis
Diagnostic radiology provides a non-invasive insight into the anatomy and physiology of the human body and is one of the most useful tools in modern medicine. Accelerated technological development has led to improved image quality and the ability to obtain additional diagnostic information necessary for accurate and rapid diagnostics. As in other fields of medicine, in diagnostic radiology, all elements of risk must be balanced against the benefits arising from the use of a given diagnostic method.
Aim: study is to determine the age and gender structure of the subjects who came for radiographs, to prove whether the X-ray has a significant role in detecting lung tuberculosis, whether the radiological record matches the findings of a pneumophysiologist or whether a microbiological analysis is needed, and to determine whether tuberculosis detected by classical radiography is also proven.
Prospective method included 50 adult respondents from the Public Health Center of the Canton of Sarajevo, of different age and gender structures, who performed radiographic pulmonary imaging and processing of pneumophysiological findings in the period from 01.01.2018. do 30.05.2019. years. X-rays were taken from the classic Siemens Multix X-ray machine. Patients' medical records, microbiological examination of sputum on BC, pneumophysiological findings, radiographs and radiological findings from the radiological information system and the PACS system were used for the data. We used a retrospective study that included descriptive statistics, standard deviation, arithmetic mean, and correlation coefficient.
Results: show that there is no significant statistical difference by gender, the average age of the respondents was 50, 52 years.
X-ray imaging as a diagnostic procedure is of great importance in the detection of pulmonary tuberculosis, and 72% of the subjects had pulmonary tuberculosis first compared with the findings of pneumophysiologists, and bacteriological analysis was used in 28% subjects due to suspected pneumophysiologists in the diagnosis. By comparing the correlation of the pneumophysiologist and the bacteriological analysis, the X-ray showed 100% lung tuberculosis.
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